|Title||The quality of relationships with adult children and depressive symptoms among grandparents.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||Forthcoming|
|Authors||Jang, H, Rauktis, ME, Tang, F|
|Journal||Aging and Mental Health|
|Keywords||Depressive symptoms, Grandparenting, intergenerational relationships|
The present study aims to identify distinct types of relationships between grandparents and their adult children, measure the associations between these relationship types and depressive symptoms among grandparents, and determine whether these associations vary by grandparent status.This study uses data from a sample of 1,196 grandparents age 51 and older from the 2014 Health and Retirement Study. Latent class analysis (LCA) is applied and identifies types of grandparent-adult children relationships. Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) regression models are used to estimate the association between relationship types and depressive symptoms by grandparent status. LCA identified four grandparent-adult children relationship types: amicable, ambivalent, detached, and disharmonious. Custodial and co-parenting grandparents were most likely to report having an ambivalent relationship with their adult children. Among co-parenting and custodial grandparents, disharmonious relationships were associated with more depressive symptoms. Interventions are suggested to improve emotional relationships with adult children and dyadic family relationships among grandparent families.