|Title||Rural-urban differences in personality traits and well-being in adulthood.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||Forthcoming|
|Authors||Atherton, OE, Willroth, EC, Graham, EK, Luo, J, Mroczek, DK, Lewis-Thames, MW|
|Journal||Journal of Personality|
|Date Published||2023 Feb 01|
|Keywords||Big Five, Life Satisfaction, MIDUS, psychological well-being, rurality|
OBJECTIVE: One large focus of personality psychology is to understand the biopsychosocial factors responsible for adult personality development and well-being change. However, little is known about how macro-level contextual factors, such as rurality-urbanicity, are related to personality development and well-being change.
METHOD: The present study uses data from two large longitudinal studies of U.S. Americans (MIDUS, HRS) to examine whether there are rural-urban differences in levels and changes in the Big Five personality traits and well-being (i.e., psychological well-being, and life satisfaction) in adulthood.
RESULTS: Multilevel models showed that Americans who lived in more rural areas tended to have lower levels of openness, conscientiousness, and psychological well-being, and higher levels of neuroticism. With the exception of psychological well-being (which replicated across MIDUS and HRS), rural-urban differences in personality traits were only evident in the HRS sample. The effect of neuroticism was fully robust to the inclusion of socio-demographic and social network covariates, but other effects were partially robust (i.e., conscientiousness and openness) or were not robust at all (i.e., psychological well-being). In both samples, there were no rural-urban differences in Big Five or well-being change.
CONCLUSIONS: We discuss the implications of these findings for personality and rural health research.
|Grant List||K01-CA262342 / CA / NCI NIH HHS / United States|